Evidências de eficácia da homeopatia em infecções de vias respiratórias

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Abaixo você poderá identificar 80 referências bibliográficas de trabalhos clínicos revelando evidências de efeitos terapêuticos de tratamentos homeopáticos. Fonte: US NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE, visível em:


1. Linde K, Clausius N, Ramirez G, Melchart D, Eitel F, Hedges LV, et al. Are the clinical effects of homeopathy placebo effects? A meta-analysis of placebo-controlled trials. Lancet. 1997;350:834–43.
2. Ludtke R, Wiesenauer M. A meta-analysis of homeopathic treatment of pollinosis with Galphimia glauca. Wien Med Wochenschr. 1997;147:323–7.
3. Wiesenauer M, Ludtke R. A metaanalysis of the homeopahic treatment of pollinosis with Galphimia glauca. Forsch Komplementarmed. 1996;3:230–4.
4. Taylor MA, Reilly D, Llewellyn-Jones RH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC. Randomised controlled trial of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial series. Br Med J. 2000;321:471–6. [PMC free article] 5. Tveiten D, Bruset S. Effect of Arnica D30 in marathon runners. Pooled results two double-blind placebo controlled studies. Homeopathy. 2003;92:187–9.
6. McCarney RW, Lasserson TJ, Linde K, Brinkhaus B. An overview of two cochrane systematic reviews of complementary treatments for chronic asthma: acupuncture and homeopathy. Respir Med. 2004;98:687–96.
7. Cucherat M, Haugh MC, Gooch M, Boissel JP. Evidence of clinical efficacy of homeopathy. A meta-analysis of clinical trials. HMRAG. Homeopathic Medicines Research Advisory Group. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2000;56:27–33.
8. Long L, Ernst E. Homeopathic remedies for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review. Br Homeopath J. 2001;90:37–43.
9. Shang A, Huwiler-Müntener K, Nartey L, Jüni P, Dörig S, Sterne JAC, et al. Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? Comparative study of placebo-controlled trials of homoeopathy and allopathy. Lancet. 2005;366:726–32.
10. Kiene H, Kienle GS, Schon-Angerer T. Failure to exclude false negative bias: a fundamental flaw in the trial of Shang et al. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11:783.
11. Bellavite P, Pitari G, Italiano M. Homeopathy and placebo. Homeopathy. 2006;95:51.
12. Linde K, Jonas W. Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? Lancet. 2005;366:2081–2.
13. Walach H, Jonas W, Lewith G. Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? Lancet. 2005;366:2081–6.
14. Frass M, Schuster E, Muchitsch I, Duncan J, Gei W, Kozel G, et al. Bias in the trial and reporting of trials of homeopathy: a fundamental breakdown in peer review and standards? J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11:780–2.
15. Kiene H, Kienle GS, Schon-Angerer T. Bias in meta-analysis. Homeopathy. 2006;95:54.
16. Kleijnen J, Knipschild P, ter Riet G. Clinical trials of homoeopathy. Br Med J. 1991;302:316–23. [PMC free article] 17. Ernst E. Is homeopathy a clinically valuable approach? Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2005;26:547–8.
18. Reilly DT, Taylor MA, Beattie NG, Campbell JH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC, et al. Is evidence for homoeopathy reproducible? Lancet. 1994;344:1601–6.
19. Coletti M. Homéopathie. A’ la recherche de la demonstration d’une activité clinique spècifique (suite) La Revue Prescrire. 1999;19:212–7.
20. Linde K, Scholz M, Ramirez G, Clausius N, Melchart D, Jonas WB. Impact of study quality on outcome in placebo-controlled trials of homeopathy. J Clin Epidemiol. 1999;52:631–6.
21. Ernst E, Pittler MH. Re-analysis of previous meta-analysis of clinical trials of homeopathy. J Clin Epidemiol. 2000;53:1188.
22. Linde K, Hondras M, Vickers A, ter Riet G, Melchart D. Systematic reviews of complementary therapies—an annotated bibliography. Part 3: homeopathy. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2001;1:4. [PMC free article] 23. Jonas WB, Anderson RL, Crawford CC, Lyons JS. A systematic review of the quality of homeopathic clinical trials. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2001;1:12.[PMC free article] 24. Jonas WB, Kaptchuk TJ, Linde K. A critical overview of homeopathy. Ann Intern Med. 2003;138:393–9.
25. Linde K, ter Riet G, Hondras M, Melchart D, Willich SN. Characteristics and quality of systematic reviews of acupuncture, herbal medicines, and homeopathy. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2003;10:88–94.
26. Mathie RT. The research evidence base for homeopathy: a fresh assessment of the literature. Homeopathy. 2003;92:84–91.
27. Bellavite P, Conforti A, Piasere V, Ortolani R. Immunology and homeopathy. 1. Historical background. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2005;2:441–52.[PMC free article] 28. Bellavite P, Conforti A, Pontarollo F, Ortolani R. Immunology and homeopathy. 2. Cells of the immune system and inflammation. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006;3:13–24. [PMC free article] 29. Bellavite P, Conforti A, Ortolani R. Immunology and homeopathy. 3. Experimental studies on animal models. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006;3:171–86.[PMC free article] 30. Belon P, Banerjee P, Choudhury S, Banerjee A, Biswas SJ, Karmakar S, et al. Can administration of potentized homeopathic remedy, arsenicum album, alter antinuclear antibody (ANA) titer in people living in high-risk arsenic contaminated areas? I. A correlation with certain hematological parameters. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006;3:99–107. [PMC free article] 31. Kuzeff RM. Homeopathy, sensation of well-being and CD4 levels: a placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Complement Ther Med. 1998;6:4–9.
32. Vojdani A, Erde J. Regulatory T cells, a potent immunoregulatory target for CAM researchers: the ultimate antagonist (I) Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006;3:25–30. [PMC free article] 33. Blanc PD, Trupin L, Earnest G, Katz PP, Yelin EH, Eisner MD. Alternative therapies among adults with a reported diagnosis of asthma or rhinosinusitis: data a population-based survey. Chest. 2001;120:1461–7.
34. Schafer T, Riehle A, Wichmann HE, Ring J. Alternative medicine in allergy. Allergy. 2002;57:694–700.
35. Chandrashekara S, Anilkumar T, Jamuna S. Complementary and alternative drug therapy in arthritis. J Assoc Physicians India. 2002;50:225–7.
36. Schafer T. Epidemiology of complementary alternative medicine for asthma and allergy in Europe and Germany. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004;93:S5–10.
37. Bielory L, Russin J, Zuckerman GB. Clinical efficacy, mechanisms of action, and adverse effects of complementary and alternative medicine therapies for asthma. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2004;25:283–91.
38. Becker-Witt C, Ludtke R, Weisshuhn TE, Willich SN. Diagnoses and treatment in homeopathic medical practice. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004;11:98–103.
39. Sevar R. Audit of outcome in 455 consecutive patients treated with homeopathic medicines. Homeopathy. 2005;94:215–21.
40. Breuer GS, Orbach H, Elkayam O, Berkun Y, Paran D, Mates M, et al. Perceived efficacy among patients of various methods of complementary alternative medicine for rheumatologic diseases. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2005;23:693–6.
41. Passalacqua G, Compalati E, Schiappoli M, Senna G. Complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment and diagnosis of asthma and allergic diseases. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2005;63:47–54.
42. Chiappelli F, Prolo P, Cajulis OS. Evidence-based research in complementary and alternative medicine I: history. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2005;2:453–8.[PMC free article] 43. Chiappelli F, Prolo P, Rosenblum M, Edgerton M, Cajulis OS. Evidence-based research in complementary and alternative medicine II: the process of evidence-based research. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006;3:3–12. [PMC free article] 44. Editorial. The end of homeopathy. Lancet. 2005;366:690.
45. Paterson C, Dieppe P. Characteristic and incidental (placebo) effects in complex interventions such as acupuncture. Br Med J. 2005;330:1202–5. [PMC free article] 46. Weatherley-Jones E, Thompson EA, Thomas KJ. The placebo-controlled trial as a test of complementary and alternative medicine: observations research experience of individualised homeopathic treatment. Homeopathy. 2004;93:186–9.
47. Ernst E. Equivalence and non-inferiority trials of CAM. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2004;1:9–10. [PMC free article] 48. Vickers AJ, Smith C. Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004 ; CD001957.
49. Gassinger CA, Wunstel G, Netter P. A controlled clinical trial for testing the efficacy of the homeopathic drug Eupatorium perfoliatum D2 in the treatment of common cold. Arzneimittelforschung. 1981;31:732–6.
50. Lecoq PL. L-52. Les voies thérapeuthiques des syndromes grippaux. Cah Biothér. 1985;87:65–73.
51. Bordes LR, Dorfman P. Evaluation de l’activité antitussive du sirop Drosetux: Etude en double aveugle versus placebo. Cahiers d’Otorhinolaryngologie. 1986;21:731–4.
52. Maiwald VL, Weinfurtner T, Mau J, Connert WD. Therapy of common cold with a homeopathic combination preparation in comparison with acetylsalicylic acid. A controlled, randomized double-blind study. Arzneimittelforschung. 1988;38:578–82.
53. Sprenger F. The therapy of rhinitis. Biol Ther. 1989;7:60–3.
54. Wiesenauer M, Gaus W, Bohnacker U, Haussler S. Efficiency of homeopathic preparation combinations in sinusitis. Results of a randomized double blind study with general practitioners. Arzneimittelforschung. 1989;39:620–5.
55. Zenner S, Metelmann H. Therapeutic use of lymphomyosot, result of a multicentric use observation study on 3512 patients. Biol Ther. 1990;8:49–69.
56. Connert WD, Maiwald J. The therapy of rhinopathy as associated with previous abuse of nasal spray and with vasomotor influences. Biol Ther. 1991;9:182–6.
57. Weiser M, Clasen BP. Controlled double-blind study of a homoeopathic sinusitis medication. Biol Ther. 1994;13:4–11.
58. Heilmann A. A combination injection preparation as a prophylactic for flu common colds. Biol Ther. 1994;13:249–53.
59. Friese KH, Kruse S, Ludtke R, Moeller H. The homoeopathic treatment of otitis media in children—comparisons with conventional therapy. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1997;35:296–301.
60. Kruse S. Otitis media bei kindern. Stuttgart: Hippokrates Verlag; 1998. Edition Forschung.
61. Wiesenauer M. Comparison of solid and liquid forms of homeopathic remedies for tonsillitis. Adv Ther. 1998;15:362–371.
62. de Lange de Klerk ES. A homeopathic nosode for influenza-like syndromes. Forsch Komplementarmed. 1999;6:31–2.
63. Adler M. Efficacy and safety of a fixed-combination homeopathic therapy for sinusitis. Adv Ther. 1999;16:103–11.
64. Frei H, Thurneysen A. Homeopathy in acute otitis media in children: treatment effect or spontaneous resolution? Br Homeopath J. 2001;90:180–2.
65. Riley D, Fischer M, Singh B, Haidvogl M, Heger M. Homeopathy and conventional medicine: an outcomes study comparing effectiveness in a primary care setting. J Altern Complement Med. 2001;7:149–59.
66. Jacobs J, Springer DA, Crothers D. Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001;20:177–83.
67. Oberbaum M, Yaniv I, Ben Gal Y, Stein J, Ben Zvi N, Freedman LS, et al. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication Traumeel S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation. Cancer. 2001;92:684–90.
68. Rabe A, Weiser M, Klein P. Effectiveness and tolerability of a homoeopathic remedy compared with conventional therapy for mild viral infections. Int J Clin Pract. 2004;58:827–32.
69. Ammerschlager H, Klein P, Weiser M, Oberbaum M. Treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract—comparison of a homeopathic complex remedy with xylometazoline. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2005;12:24–31.
70. Steinsbekk A, Fonnebo V, Lewith G, Bentzen N. Homeopathic care for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children: a pragmatic, randomised, controlled trial comparing individualised homeopathic care and waiting-list controls. Complement Ther Med. 2005;13:231–8.
71. Steinsbekk A, Bentzen N, Fonnebo V, Lewith G. Self treatment with one of three self ed, ultramolecular homeopathic medicines for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children. A double-blind randomized placebo controlled trial. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2005;59:447–55. [PMC free article] 72. Trichard M, Chaufferin G, Nicoloyannis N. Pharmacoeconomic comparison between homeopathic and antibiotic treatment strategies in recurrent acute rhinopharyngitis in children. Homeopathy. 2005;94:3–9.
73. Fisher P, Reilly DT, Spence D, Ratsey D, Rose B, English J. Homoeopathy for recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. No children received no treatment. Br Med J. 1995;310:256. [PMC free article] 74. Steinsbekk A, Bentzen N, Fonnebo V, Lewith G. The use of simplified constitutional indications for self-prescription of homeopathic medicine. Complement Ther Med. 2004;12:112–7.
75. Swayne J. Richard Hughes Memorial Lecture 2004. Homeopathy, wholeness and healing. Homeopathy. 2005;94:37–43.
76. Graham NM, Burrell CJ, Douglas RM, Debelle P, Davies L. Adverse effects of aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen on immune function, viral shedding, and clinical status in rhinovirus-infected volunteers. J Infect Dis. 1990;162:1277–82.
77. Reckeweg HH. Homotoxikologie. Ganzheitsschau Einer Synthese der Medizin.Baden-Baden: Aurelia Verlag; 1981.
78. Schmid F, Rimpler M, Wemmer U. Antihomotoxische Medizin. Bd.1. Baden-Baden: Aurelia; 1996.
79. Ferley JP, Putignat N, Azzopardi Y, Charrel M, Zmirou D. Evaluation en médecine ambulatoire de l’activité d’un complexe homéopathique dans la prévention de la grippe et des syndromes grippaux. Immunol Med. 1987;20:22–8.
80. Glatthaar-Saalmuller B, Fallier-Becker P. Antiviral action of Euphorbium compositum and its components. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2001;8:207–12.

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